In Yiddish literature, schlemiels are usually harmless. The dreams that these Jewish fools live by spur them to be absent-minded. And, though they do collide with reality from time to time, these absent-minded dreams don’t harm it. Rather, reality often harms the schlemiel.
The term Luftmensch, which means a person who “lives on air,” on dreams, is often associated with the schlemiel. With her big ideas about how s/he is going to make a living, the schlemiel lives on air. They often fail to realize their dreams in reality, but this doesn’t stop them from dreaming again. Regardless, these types of schlemiels are characterized by their dreams and their failures.
But what happens when a schlemiel’s dreams collide with reality and force reality to conform to these dreams?
In an essay entitled “Toward an Understanding of a Messianic Idea,” Gershom Scholem argues that those who “press for the End” are…
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