Say what you want about Bernard Lewis, but check out these concluding words to his much and in so many ways justifiably maligned What Went Wrong: The Clash Between Islam and Modernity in the Middle East. They are quite prescient, in particular about the rise of the new hegemon in the region.
“If the peoples of the Middle East continue on their present path, the suicide bomber may become a metaphor for the entire region, and there will be no escape from a downward spiral of hate and spite, rage and self-pity, poverty and oppression, culminating sooner than later in yet another alien domination; perhaps from a new Europe reverting to old ways, perhaps from a resurgent Russia, perhaps some from new, expanding superpower in the East” (pp.1598-60).
That what Bernard Lewis got right. With Russia in the saddle in Syria with France now waiting on deck, he is now batting two for three.