Idols and icons lead complex lives, they enact suffering and they suffer violence when screws turn. Historian and theorist of art and architecture and post-Holocaust memorialization, James Young writes here on memory and counter-memory, monuments and counter- or anti-monuments, the marking of one destruction with another destruction. And consider this article, Counter monuments the anti monumental and the dialogic by Quentin Stevens, Karen A. Franck, Ruth Fazakerley from the Journal of Architecture. And this short history of the anti-monument here at the Interventionist Aesthetics blog. For a review of recent events toppling and defacing racist monuments, see here.