Reminding us again that the rabbis, who detested the Hasmoneans, were only one group of players in antique and late antique Judaism: the Hanukah memorialization of the Maccabean revolt is not simply a reactionary reflex of Jewish modernity and modern Jewish nationalism. By Yitz Landes, this is the ultimate 2020 Hanukah thread on Twitter –ultimate because, in addition to Landes himself, it includes detailed sub-threads by and links to essays by and about Annette Yoshiko Reed, Simcha Gross, Mika Ahuvia, Vered Noam, Daniel Picus, and Ophir Münz-Manor. You can find them all here. Much of the attention goes to the celebration of heroic Maccabees in synagogue things like piyyut and art. A follow up question: what becomes of the Maccabees in medieval Ashkenaz?